Tag: pb

(PB) String Between Characters

Posted by on April 26, 2011

This is a small purebasic function used to retrieve a string between two known characters, it also allows you to provide a starting position.

Procedure.s str_between_char( *Source.CHARACTER, First.C, Last.C, StartAt.i = 0 )
	Define.i dwLength
	*Source + (StartAt * SizeOf(CHARACTER))
		If *Source\c = First ; If this character matches the First character
			*Source + SizeOf(CHARACTER)
			dwLength = *Source
			Repeat ; Repeat until we find an occurrance with the Last character
				*Source + SizeOf(CHARACTER)
			Until *Source\c = Last
			dwLength = (*Source - dwLength)
			ProcedureReturn PeekS( *Source - dwLength, dwLength ) ; Peek the output string
		*Source + SizeOf(CHARACTER)
	Until *Source\c = #Null

Example use:

Define.s str 		= "dd(hallo)xyz(a)"
Define.s result 	= str_between_char(@str, '(', ')', 2)
Debug result

If you’re working on a parser or similar project this will sure come in handy.

Declar’em! – Automatic declaration of procedures.

Posted by on September 5, 2009

This is a tool that I’ve been using for quite a long while, just recently I fixed a small bug in the regexp and I thought it was time to share it.

For those of you using the official IDE, there’s no real solution to this “problem”. When you’re working on something small, it’s not a big deal to define a couple of declares here and there… However, on bigger code this becomes a real issue!. So why waste the time switching between IDEs or doing it by hand?…

Grab it and let me know how it runs! (nasty ugly source included).

The tool is very simple to install, I recommend you unzip directly into your PB directory and configure it as follows:


That’s it. You’re ready to declar’em!.


Macro Templates, by example.

Posted by on July 13, 2009

Heres an example of what I call “macro templates” in PureBasic. A template encapsulates certain functionality, allowing you to dynamically generate the code in a flexible manner.

This example implements a bare-bones n-vector library using a structure and a static array:

Macro Vector_Register( _n, _type )
	Structure VECTOR#_n#_type
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Add( *r.VECTOR#_n#_type, *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.i i
		For i=0 To _n - 1
			*r\vector[i] = *a\vector[i] + *b\vector[i]
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Subtract( *r.VECTOR#_n#_type, *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.i i
		For i=0 To _n - 1
			*r\vector[i] = *a\vector[i] - *b\vector[i]
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Divide( *r.VECTOR#_n#_type, *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.i i
		For i=0 To _n - 1
			If *b\vector[i] <> 0.0 And *a\vector[i] <> 0.0
				*r\vector[i] = *a\vector[i] / *b\vector[i]
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Multiply( *r.VECTOR#_n#_type, *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.i i
		For i=0 To _n - 1
			*r\vector[i] = *a\vector[i] * *b\vector[i]
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_DotProduct( *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.i i
		Define._type result
		For i=0 To _n - 1
			result + ( *a\vector[i] * *b\vector[i] )
		ProcedureReturn result
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Length( *v.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		ProcedureReturn Sqr( Vector#_n#_type#_DotProduct( *v, *v ) )
	Procedure._type Vector#_n#_type#_Distance( *a.VECTOR#_n#_type, *b.VECTOR#_n#_type )
		Define.VECTOR#_n#_type temp
		Vector#_n#_type#_Subtract( temp, *a, *b )
		ProcedureReturn Vector#_n#_type#_Length( temp )
	Procedure.s Vector#_n#_type#_Debug( *v.VECTOR#_n#_type, Decimals.i=#PB_Default )
		Define.i i
		Define.s tmp = "["
		For i=0 To _n-1
			tmp + StrF( *v\vector[i], Decimals.i )
			If i <> _n-1
				tmp + ", "
		tmp + "]"
		Debug tmp
		ProcedureReturn tmp

It might look strange/complicated at first, but once you read it you’ll realize it’s fairly simple.

Let’s see the usage of this particular template:

Vector_Register(3, f )	; Register a float "vec3".
Define.VECTOR3f a,b,c	; Define a few vectors with the new structure.

a\vector[0] = 10.0
a\vector[1] = 20.0
a\vector[2] = 30.0

b\vector[0] = 100.0
b\vector[1] = 200.0
b\vector[2] = 300.0

Vector3f_Add(c, a, b)	; c = a + b
Vector3f_Debug(c)	; show each element using the debug output.

Debug Vector3f_DotProduct( a, b )
Debug Vector3f_Length( a )
Debug Vector3f_Distance( a, b )

Cool, huh?. And you can define any amount of elements with any basic type.

Of course we sacrificed speed for flexibility. In those cases where we have to define n-vectors, this would be an ideal solution. For everything else, I suggest a specific library, such as my vec3 macro lib.

Using this principle you can abstract almost anything, within reason. One good example is my object factory template. ¬†Ideally one would have arrays, lists, etc. Implemented in this very same way, in such case the possibilities would be endless and you’d be able to define dynamic lists/arrays inside structures, etc.

I strongly advice you to implement at least one of those templates, even if it’s just for an exercise.

Having the extra tools can’t hurt!


Centered MessageRequester() / MessageBox()

Posted by on July 2, 2009

As usual, I was browsing the PureBasic forums to see what was new, nothing much (heh…) but something caught my attention, the fact that some user requested for the IDE’s message dialogs to be “centered” ( because he had multiple displays and the messages would appear in between them ) just to get shit-faced by an actual staff member!

You can’t just say “it’s Microsoft’s fault” — Are you in some sort of mac-only cleanse?, What’s your #%&%#$ problem?!

Those who “pass the ball” (as the user suggested) are part of the problem. You, being a programmer can certainly code a simple CBT hook, right?. Are you against hooks, perhaps – you are a purist, I hear… Sorry, but sometimes solutions are “dirty” and you have to live with them.

Just for the record, I too use a split-screen and I find it annoying that dialog boxes are not centered to their parent.

Just for the record, I too use a split-screen and I find it annoying that dialog boxes are not centered to their parent.


Purebasic language submitted to GeSHi

Posted by on June 13, 2009

Submitted my GeSHi language file for PureBasic to the GeSHi author, I’ve been using it for a while now and I thought it was about time to share it. I couldn’t however validate it since I’m short in time at the moment — I’m just posting everything I couldn’t post in the last weeks today.

Let’s hope it becomes part of their project now. I’ll certainly keep it up to date when I get the time for it. And let’s face it, their lib is pretty much the standard for PHP syntax highlighting!.

Come to think of it, I think this current CSS style is killing my syntax highlighting… Hmm. Another one for the to-do list.